The Holy Spirit’s work in salvation is manifold, but in Ephesians 1 two aspects are emphasized. The Spirit secures and assures the believer in Christ.
The saved are heirs of God in Christ. The inheritance is predestined.
Christ the Son of God is the Redeemer. Redemption is by grace and through the blood of Christ.
The Father’s work in salvation involved His pretemporal election and predestination. The terms are related but not synonymous.
Ephesians 1:1-14 reveals the work of the triune God in salvation. The Father bestows on the believer in Christ every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places.
Atonement, when used in its theological sense, refers to what Christ accomplished on the cross, and for whom. The bible clearly teaches an unlimited atonement; Christ died for all, not just for the elect.
Justification and righteousness are closely related but quite the same. Justification is to be declared not guilty; righteousness is having the righteousness of Christ imputed to the believer.
The term redemption involves the payment of a price to obtain salvation. The Bible makes it clear that the blood of Christ was the price paid.
Are the little Bible words important? Most emphatically! The substitutionary death of Christ, the ground of our salvation, is based on the prepositions.
If sinful men must be reconciled, a righteous God must be propitiated. Propitiation means that Christ’s work on the cross has satisfied all the demands of divine justice.